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Biodiesel

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary7
Summary8
Introduction12
Definition12
Characteristics and properties12
End uses13
Major industry drivers14
Legislation and regulation14
Feedstock14
Prices15
Overcapacity16
Glycerin16
Hydrotreated vegetable oils16
Manufacturing processes20
Transesterification via alkaline catalysis21
Batch transesterification of vegetable oil21
Continuous production of biodiesel21
Transesterification by heterogeneous catalysis21
Transesterification by acid catalysis22
Quality standard22
Supply and demand by region23
North America23
Producing companies23
Salient statistics33
Production34
Consumption35
Trade36
United States36
Legislation36
Energy policy37
Tax incentives39
Renewable identification numbers39
Salient statistics39
Production41
Consumption42
Transportation44
Power generation45
Heat generation45
Price46
Trade49
Canada50
Legislation50
Salient statistics50
Production51
Consumption52
Mexico52
Central and South America53
Producing companies53
Salient statistics59
Production60
Consumption61
Trade62
Argentina63
Legislation63
Salient statistics63
Production64
Consumption64
Price64
Brazil64
Legislation64
Salient statistics65
Production66
Consumption66
Price66
Other Central and South America67
Legislation67
Production67
Consumption67
Trade67
Western Europe67
Producing companies68
Legislation and regulation82
Taxation86
Mandatory blending86
Quality standard87
Salient statistics87
Production90
Consumption91
Price94
Trade95
France98
Salient statistics98
Production99
Consumption100
Germany100
Salient statistics100
Production101
Consumption101
Italy103
Salient statistics103
Production103
Consumption103
Spain104
Salient statistics104
Production104
Consumption105
Central and Eastern Europe105
Producing companies106
Legislation and regulation110
Salient statistics111
Production112
Consumption113
Trade115
Czech Republic116
Salient statistics116
Production116
Consumption116
Poland117
Salient statistics117
Production117
Consumption118
Middle East118
Producing companies118
Legislation and regulation121
Salient statistics121
Production122
Consumption123
Trade124
Africa124
Producing companies124
Legislation and regulation126
Salient statistics126
Production127
Consumption128
Trade128
Asia128
Producing companies128
Salient statistics141
Production143
Consumption144
Trade144
China145
Legislation145
Salient statistics145
Production146
Consumption147
Price147
Trade148
India148
Legislation148
Salient statistics149
Production149
Consumption149
Indonesia150
Legislation150
Salient statistics151
Production152
Consumption152
Price152
Japan153
Legislation153
Salient statistics153
Production154
Consumption154
Malaysia 154
Legislation154
Salient statistics154
Production155
Consumption156
Price156
Philippines156
Legislation156
Salient statistics156
Production157
Consumption157
South Korea157
Legislation157
Salient statistics158
Production158
Consumption158
Thailand158
Legislation158
Salient statistics159
Production159
Consumption160
Other Asia 160
Legislation160
Production160
Consumption161
Oceania161
Producing companies161
Legislation and regulation163
Australia163
New Zealand163
Salient statistics163
Production164
Consumption165
Price165
Trade165
Appendix167
Bibliography168
Revisions169
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