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Benzene

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 7
Summary 9
Introduction 13
Sources 15
Petroleum-derived benzene 15
Catalytic reformate 15
Pyrolysis gasoline 16
Toluene disproportionation, selective disproportionation, and transalkylation 17
Toluene hydrodealkylation 18
Dealkylation of higher alkyl aromatics 18
Isomerization of xylenes and mixed stream conversion 18
Liquefied petroleum gas 18
Coal-derived benzene 19
Health and environmental issues 20
Supply and demand by region 21
World 21
Capacity 21
Producing companies 23
Salient statistics 24
Consumption 25
Ethylbenzene/styrene 27
Cumene/phenol/acetone 28
Cyclohexane/cyclohexene 28
Nitrobenzene 29
Other applications 30
Alkylbenzene 30
Maleic anhydride 30
Chlorobenzene 30
Benzene sulfonic acid 30
Biphenyl 30
Hydroquinone 31
Resorcinol 31
Solvent 31
Price 31
Trade 32
North America 34
Overview 34
Capacity 34
Salient statistics 35
Consumption 36
Trade 37
United States 38
Producing companies 38
Salient statistics 40
Consumption 41
Ethylbenzene/styrene 43
Cumene/phenol/acetone 43
Cyclohexane/cyclohexene 44
Nitrobenzene 45
Other applications 45
Trade 46
Canada 46
Producing companies 46
Salient statistics 48
Consumption 48
Trade 50
Mexico 50
Producing companies 50
Salient statistics 51
Consumption 52
Trade 54
South America 54
Producing companies 54
Salient statistics 56
Consumption 57
Trade 58
Western Europe 59
Producing companies 59
Salient statistics 61
Consumption 62
Ethylbenzene/styrene 64
Cumene/phenol/acetone 64
Nitrobenzene 65
Other applications 65
Trade 65
Central Europe 66
Producing companies 66
Salient statistics 67
Consumption 68
Trade 70
CIS and Baltic States 70
Producing companies 70
Salient statistics 72
Consumption 73
Trade 76
Middle East 76
Producing companies 76
Salient statistics 79
Consumption 80
Trade 82
Africa 82
Producing companies 82
Salient statistics 84
Consumption 84
Trade 86
Indian Subcontinent 86
Producing companies 86
Salient statistics 88
Consumption 89
Trade 91
Northeast Asia 92
Overview 92
Capacity 92
Salient statistics 93
Consumption 94
Trade 96
China 96
Producing companies 96
Salient statistics 102
Consumption 104
Ethylbenzene/styrene 105
Cyclohexane/ene 106
Nitrobenzene 106
Cumene/phenol/acetone 106
Other applications 107
Trade 107
Japan 108
Producing companies 108
Salient statistics 111
Consumption 111
Trade 113
South Korea 114
Producing companies 114
Salient statistics 116
Consumption 117
Trade 120
Taiwan 120
Producing companies 120
Salient statistics 122
Consumption 123
Trade 124
Southeast Asia 125
Producing companies 125
Salient statistics 127
Consumption 128
Trade 130
Additional resources 132
Revisions 134
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