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Animal Feeds: Phosphate Supplements

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary6
Summary7
Dicalcium phosphate9
Monocalcium phosphate19
Tricalcium phosphate12
Industry overview14
Introduction16
Meat production19
Phytase23
Fishmeal24
Manufacturing processes27
Calcium phosphates27
From phosphoric acid and limestone27
Acidulation of bones27
From hydrochloric acid and phosphate ore 2727
Defluorinated phosphate rock28
Purification of wet-process phosphoric acid28
Phosphorus bioavailability and utilization29
Environmental issues33
Supply and demand by region35
United States35
Producing companies35
Mono- and dicalcium phosphates and DFP (TCP)35
Sodium phosphates36
Solid ammonium phosphates37
Liquid ammonium polyphosphate and phosphoric acid37
Salient statistics37
Production41
Consumption43
Purity requirements49
Phosphate feed supplements50
Calcium phosphates51
Defluorinated phosphate rock53
Liquid ammonium polyphosphate and phosphoric acid53
Solid ammonium phosphates55
Sodium phosphates56
Other 57
High-phosphorus protein feeds57
Distiller’s dried grains with solubles (DDGS)58
Tankage and meat meal60
Fishmeal53
Price63
Trade65
Dicalcium phosphate65
Other calcium phosphates (mono- and tricalcium phosphates)66
Canada68
Salient statistics68
Consumption69
Price70
Mexico70
Producing companies70
Salient statistics71
Consumption74
Price75
Trade76
Central and South America77
Producing companies77
Salient statistics79
Dicalcium phosphate79
Monocalcium phosphate81
Tricalcium phosphate82
Consumption83
Price84
Trade84
Imports84
Exports85
Western Europe86
Producing companies86
Salient statistics88
Production 90
Consumption91
Price94
Trade95
Central and Eastern Europe97
Producing companies97
Salient statistics98
Dicalcium phosphate (DCP)99
Monocalcium phosphate (MCP) and tricalcium phosphate (TCP/DFP)100
Production101
Consumption103
Price103
Trade103
Imports105
Exports106
Middle East and Africa106
Overview106
Middle East108
Producing companies108
Salient statistics108
Consumption110
Trade110
Imports111
Exports112
Africa113
Producing companies113
Salient statistics114
Consumption116
Trade116
Imports117
Exports118
China119
Producing companies119
Salient statistics121
Consumption125
Price128
Trade128
Japan131
Producing companies131
Salient statistics132
Consumption133
Consumption by product type135
Consumption by animal type137
Price139
Trade141
Other Asia/Oceania 141
Producing companies141
Production143
Consumption143
Trade147
Additional resources151
Additional resources152
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