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Animal Feeds: Phosphate Supplements

Chemical Economics Handbook

Contents

Executive summary 7
Summary 9
Dicalcium phosphate 11
Monocalcium phosphate 13
Tricalcium phosphate and defluorinated phosphate 15
Industry overview 16
Introduction 19
Manufacturing processes 23
Calcium phosphates 23
From phosphoric acid and limestone 23
Acidulation of bones 23
From hydrochloric acid and phosphate ore 23
Defluorinated phosphate rock and tricalcium phosphate 24
Purification of wet-process phosphoric acid 24
Phosphorus bioavailability and utilization 25
Environmental issues 29
United States 29
European Union 29
Mainland China 30
Japan 30
Supply and demand by region 31
United States 31
Producing companies 31
Mono- and dicalcium phosphates and defluorinated phosphate 31
Sodium phosphates 32
Solid ammonium phosphates 33
Liquid ammonium polyphosphate and phosphoric acid 33
Salient statistics 33
Production 36
Consumption 36
Purity requirements 42
Phosphate feed supplements 43
Calcium phosphates 44
Defluorinated phosphate rock 46
Liquid ammonium polyphosphate and phosphoric acid 46
Solid ammonium phosphates 48
Sodium phosphates 48
Other 49
High-phosphorus protein feeds 49
Distiller’s dried grains with solubles (DDGS) 50
Tankage and meat meal 52
Fishmeal 52
Price 54
Trade 55
Dicalcium phosphate 55
Other calcium phosphates 56
Canada 57
Salient statistics 57
Consumption 58
Price 59
Trade 59
Mexico 60
Producing companies 60
Salient statistics 61
Consumption 62
Price 62
Trade 63
Central and South America 64
Producing companies 64
Salient statistics 66
Dicalcium phosphate 66
Monocalcium phosphate 67
Tricalcium phosphate and defluorinated phosphate 68
Consumption 69
Price 70
Trade 70
Imports 70
Exports 71
Western Europe 72
Producing companies 72
Salient statistics 74
Dicalcium phosphate 75
Monocalcium phosphates 76
Production 77
Consumption 78
Price 81
Trade 82
Dicalcium phosphate 82
Other calcium phosphates 83
Central Europe 83
Producing companies 83
Salient statistics 84
Dicalcium phosphate 86
Other calcium phosphates 87
Production 87
Consumption 88
Price 89
Trade 90
Dicalcium phosphate 90
Other calcium feed phosphates 91
CIS and Baltic States 91
Producing companies 91
Salient statistics 92
Dicalcium phosphate 94
Monocalcium phosphate 95
Tricalcium phosphate 96
Production 97
Consumption 98
Price 99
Trade 100
Dicalcium phosphate 100
Other calcium feed phosphates 100
Middle East 101
Producing companies 101
Salient statistics 102
Dicalcium phosphate 104
Other calcium phosphates 105
Consumption 106
Price 108
Trade 108
Dicalcium phosphate 108
Other calcium phosphates 109
Africa 109
Producing companies 109
Salient statistics 110
Dicalcium phosphate 112
Other calcium phosphates 113
Consumption 114
Price 116
Trade 116
Dicalcium phosphate 116
Other calcium phosphates 117
Indian Subcontinent 117
Producing companies 117
Salient statistics 118
Dicalcium phosphate 119
Other calcium phosphates 120
Consumption 120
Price 121
Trade 121
Mainland China 123
Producing companies 123
Salient statistics 125
Consumption 129
Consumption by product type 129
Calcium phosphates 129
Other high-phosphorus products 130
Consumption by animal type 131
Price 133
Trade 133
Japan 135
Producing companies 135
Salient statistics 135
Consumption 137
Consumption by product type 138
Consumption by animal type 140
Price 142
Trade 143
Other Northeast Asia 144
Producing companies 144
Salient statistics 145
Dicalcium phosphate 145
Other calcium phosphates 146
Consumption 147
Price 147
Trade 148
Southeast Asia and Oceania 149
Producing companies 149
Salient statistics 150
Dicalcium phosphate 151
Other calcium phosphates 152
Production 153
Consumption 153
Price 154
Trade 154
Additional resources 157
Revisions 158
Data Workbook 159
Notice 160
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