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Alkyd/Polyester Surface Coatings

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary7
Summary8
Introduction12
Raw materials13
Alkyds 13
Polybasic acids and anhydrides 13
Phthalic anhydride 13
Isophthalic acid 13
Maleic anhydride 13
Terephthalic acid 13
Other 14
Polyhydric alcohols 14
Pentaerythritol 14
Glycerin 14
Other 14
Monobasic acids 15
Vegetable oils 15
Soybean oil 16
Linseed oil 16
Castor oil 16
Other 16
Tall oil fatty acids 16
Marine oils 17
Synthetic fatty acids 17
Alkyds and polyesters from renewable resources 18
Modifiers 19
Chemically modified alkyds 19
Isocyanates 19
Styrene and vinyl toluene 19
Acrylic monomers 19
Rosin and rosin esters 19
Benzoic acid and derivatives 19
Blends of alkyds with other resins 20
Chlorinated rubber 20
Nitrocellulose 20
Phenolics 20
Silicone 20
Polyamide (nonnylon type) 20
Other 20
Sample resin formulations 21
Polyesters 23
Manufacturing processes 25
Coating formulation 26
Pigments 26
Solvents 26
Additives 27
Driers 27
Other 28
Environmentally acceptable formulations 28
Solventborne alkyds using exempt solvents 28
High-solids alkyds 29
Waterborne alkyds 30
Modifying alkyds 32
High-solids polyesters 32
Waterborne polyesters 32
Powder coatings 33
Environmental issues34
United States 34
Western Europe 36
Japan 37
Supply and demand by region 38
United States 38
Producing companies 38
Production 41
Consumption 42
Architectural coatings 44
Exterior 45
Interior 46
Product finishes—OEM 47
Metal furniture and fixtures 48
Appliances 49
Sheet, strip, and coil 49
Machinery and equipment 50
Transportation 51
Wood furniture and fixtures 52
Electrical insulation (varnishes and magnet wire enamels) 54
Containers 54
Wood and composition flat stock 55
Other 56
Special-purpose coatings 56
Industrial maintenance 56
Aerosols 57
Traffic paints 58
Automotive refinishing 58
Price 59
Resins 59
Coatings 59
Trade 60
Canada 61
Mexico 61
South America 62
Europe 65
Producing companies 65
Production 71
Consumption 73
Architectural coatings 75
Product finishes—OEM 77
Special-purpose coatings 81
Price 81
Resins 81
Coatings 83
Trade 85
Eastern Europe 86
Producing Companies86
Production 87
Consumption 87
Architectural coatings 87
OEM Product Finishes 87
Trade 88
Middle East and Africa 88
Producing companies 88
Consumption 90
Architectural coatings 90
Product finishes91
Trade 92
Mainland China92
Producing companies 92
Production 95
Consumption 95
Price 96
Trade 97
Japan98
Producing companies 98
Salient statistics 99
Consumption 100
Price 103
Trade 103
Other Asia and Oceania 104
Producing companies 104
Salient statistics 107
South Korea 111
Taiwan 113
Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and Oceania114
Additional resources116
Revisions117
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