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Activated Carbon

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 6
Summary 7
Introduction 12
Manufacturing processes 14
Raw materials 14
Conversion steps 14
Reactivation processes 14
Environmental issues 19
Supply and demand by region 21
United States 21
Producing companies 21
Salient statistics 23
Consumption 25
Liquid-phase applications 27
Potable water 27
Wastewater 28
Sweetener decolorizing 31
Groundwater 32
Household uses 33
Food, beverages, and oils 33
Mining 33
Pharmaceuticals 34
Dry cleaning 35
Electroplating 35
Chemical processing and other 35
Gas-phase applications 35
Air purification 35
Automotive evaporation control systems 37
Solvent vapor recovery 38
Cigarettes 38
Other 38
Price 39
Trade 40
Imports 41
Exports 42
Canada 43
Mexico 44
Central and South America 45
Western Europe 47
Producing companies 47
Salient statistics 52
Production 52
Consumption 52
Price 55
Trade 55
Central and Eastern Europe 57
Middle East 59
Africa 61
Indian Subcontinent 63
Producing companies 63
Salient statistics 65
Consumption 66
Trade 66
Mainland China 67
Producing companies 67
Salient statistics 70
Consumption 72
Water treatment 72
Food processing 73
Air and gas purification 73
Chemical processing, solvent, and heavy metal recovery 74
Pharmaceutical 74
Price 74
Trade 76
Northeast Asia 78
Producing companies 78
Japan 81
South Korea 82
Taiwan 82
Salient statistics 82
Production and sales 83
Japan 83
South Korea and Taiwan 84
Consumption 84
Consumption by application in Japan 85
Granular activated carbon 85
Powdered activated carbon 87
High-performance activated carbon 89
Price 89
Trade 91
Japan 91
South Korea 92
Taiwan 93
Southeast Asia 94
Producing companies 94
Salient statistics 97
Consumption 98
Trade 98
Appendix 100
Additional resources 102
Revisions 103
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