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Acetylene

Chemical Economics Handbook

Table of Contents

Section Page Number

Executive summary 6
Summary 7
Introduction 12
Manufacturing processes 14
From hydrocarbons 14
Partial oxidation (BASF process) 14
Ethylene coproduct 14
Wulff process 15
Electric arc 15
Other 16
From calcium carbide 16
Environmental issues 18
Supply and demand by region 19
United States 19
Producing companies 19
Production 22
Consumption 22
Chemical uses 23
Acetylenic chemicals 23
Other 26
Industrial uses 27
Price 29
Trade 29
Canada 30
Producing companies 30
Consumption 30
Trade 30
Mexico 31
Producing companies 31
Salient statistics 31
Central and South America 32
Western Europe 33
Producing companies 33
Salient statistics 36
Production 36
Consumption 37
1,4-Butanediol 381,4,38
Vinyl ethers and esters 39
Vitamins and acetylenic alcohols 39
Acetaldehyde 39
Acetylene black 39
Vinyl acetate monomer 40
Industrial uses 40
Price 40
Trade 41
Central Europe 41
Producing companies 41
Salient statistics 42
Production 43
Consumption 44
Eastern Europe 45
Producing companies 45
Salient statistics 47
Production 47
Consumption 48
Middle East 49
Africa 50
Japan 52
Producing companies 52
Salient statistics 55
Production 55
Consumption 56
Chemical use 57
Polychloroprene elastomers 57
1,4-buthanediol 571,4,57
Acetylene black 57
Industrial use 58
Price 58
Trade 58
China 58
Producing companies 59
Salient statistics 63
Consumption 65
Vinyl chloride 65
Vinyl acetate 66
1,4-Butanediol 661,4,66
Polychloroprene rubber 66
Other chemical uses 66
Industrial uses 66
Price 66
Trade 67
Other Asia 68
Producing companies 68
India 68
Malaysia 68
Singapore 68
South Korea 69
Trade 71
Additional resources 73
Revisions 75
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